2 - 入门
If you have a specific RanchersOS machine requirements, please check out our guides on running RancherOS. With the rest of this guide, we’ll start up a RancherOS using Docker machine and show you some of what RancherOS can do.
Launching RancherOS using Docker Machine
$ docker-machine create -d virtualbox \ --virtualbox-boot2docker-url https://releases.rancher.com/os/latest/rancheros.iso \ --virtualbox-memory 2048 \ <MACHINE-NAME>
That’s it! You’re up and running a RancherOS instance.
To log into the instance, just use the
$ docker-machine ssh <MACHINE-NAME>
A First Look At RancherOS
There are two Docker daemons running in RancherOS. The first is called System Docker, which is where RancherOS runs system services like ntpd and syslog. You can use the
system-docker command to control the System Docker daemon.
The other Docker daemon running on the system is Docker, which can be accessed by using the normal
When you first launch RancherOS, there are no containers running in the Docker daemon. However, if you run the same command against the System Docker, you’ll see a number of system services that are shipped with RancherOS.
system-dockercan only be used by root, so it is necessary to use the
sudocommand whenever you want to interact with System Docker.
$ sudo system-docker ps CONTAINER ID IMAGE COMMAND CREATED STATUS PORTS NAMES 6f56057cf5ba rancher/os-base:v0.5.0 "/usr/sbin/entry.sh /" 16 seconds ago Up 15 seconds docker bd5376830237 rancher/os-console:v0.5.0 "/usr/sbin/entry.sh /" 16 seconds ago Up 15 seconds console ede8ce39fff5 rancher/os-base:v0.5.0 "/usr/sbin/entry.sh n" 16 seconds ago Up 15 seconds network 9e5d18bca391 rancher/os-base:v0.5.0 "/usr/sbin/entry.sh n" 17 seconds ago Up 16 seconds ntp 393b9fb7e30a rancher/os-udev:v0.5.0 "/usr/sbin/entry.sh /" 18 seconds ago Up 16 seconds udev dc2cafca3c69 rancher/os-syslog:v0.5.0 "/usr/sbin/entry.sh /" 18 seconds ago Up 17 seconds syslog 439d5535fbfa rancher/os-base:v0.5.0 "/usr/sbin/entry.sh /" 18 seconds ago Up 17 seconds acpid
Some containers are run at boot time, and others, such as the
docker, etc. containers are always running.
Deploying a Docker Container
Let’s try to deploy a normal Docker container on the Docker daemon. The RancherOS Docker daemon is identical to any other Docker environment, so all normal Docker commands work.
$ docker run -d nginx
You can see that the nginx container is up and running:
$ docker ps CONTAINER ID IMAGE COMMAND CREATED STATUS PORTS NAMES e99c2c4b8b30 nginx "nginx -g 'daemon off" 12 seconds ago Up 11 seconds 80/tcp, 443/tcp drunk_ptolemy
Deploying A System Service Container
The following is a simple Docker container to set up Linux-dash, which is a minimal low-overhead web dashboard for monitoring Linux servers. The Dockerfile will be like this:
FROM hwestphal/nodebox MAINTAINER firstname.lastname@example.org RUN opkg-install unzip RUN curl -k -L -o master.zip https://github.com/afaqurk/linux-dash/archive/master.zip RUN unzip master.zip WORKDIR linux-dash-master RUN npm install ENTRYPOINT ["node","server"]
hwestphal/nodebox image, which uses a Busybox image and installs
npm. We downloaded the source code of Linux-dash, and then ran the server. Linux-dash will run on port 80 by default.
To run this container in System Docker use the following command:
$ sudo system-docker run -d --net=host --name busydash husseingalal/busydash
In the command, we used
--net=host to tell System Docker not to containerize the container’s networking, and use the host’s networking instead. After running the container, you can see the monitoring server by accessing
To make the container survive during the reboots, you can create the
/opt/rancher/bin/start.sh script, and add the Docker start line to launch the Docker at each startup.
$ sudo mkdir -p /opt/rancher/bin $ echo "sudo system-docker start busydash" | sudo tee -a /opt/rancher/bin/start.sh $ sudo chmod 755 /opt/rancher/bin/start.sh
Another useful command that can be used with RancherOS is
ros which can be used to control and configure the system.
$ sudo ros -v ros version 0.0.1
RancherOS state is controlled by a cloud config file.
ros is used to edit the configuration of the system, to see for example the dns configuration of the system:
$ sudo ros config get rancher.network.dns.nameservers - 126.96.36.199 - 188.8.131.52
When using the native Busybox console, any changes to the console will be lost after reboots, only changes to
/opt will be persistent. You can use the
ros console switch command to switch to a persistent console and replace the native Busybox console. For example, to switch to the Ubuntu console:
$ sudo ros console switch ubuntu
RancherOS is a simple Linux distribution ideal for running Docker. By embracing containerization of system services and leveraging Docker for management, RancherOS hopes to provide a very reliable, and easy to manage OS for running containers.